Orthography

Learning Outcomes:

The overall goal of this course is to equip the learner to facilitate the development of a new or assessment of an existing orthography by the local community using linguistic, psycholinguistic, sociolinguistic and pedagogical principles.

Upon completion of this course, participants shall be able to:

  • define and assess different issues that arise in orthography development;
  • describe how linguistic, psycholinguistic, sociolinguistic and pedagogical factors inform orthography design;
  • apply linguistic, psycholinguistic, sociolinguistic and pedagogical principles to the development of an appropriate orthography for a given sound system;
  • facilitate local community participation in the process of orthography development
  • understand the steps necessary to create a first draft of a technical orthography description;
  • create a first draft of a writers’ guide to the use of the orthography in his/her language;
  • facilitate use of the orthography by the local community;
  • understand the importance of formal orthography testing and identify appropriate test methodologies according to aims

Course plan:

  • Reading theory
  • Smalley’s maxims
  • Linguistic principles supporting writing systems
  • Morphophonemic spelling and writing tone
  • Lexical issues and tone
  • Sociolinguistic principles
  • Evaluation and testing